Researches followed 20,900 men enrolled in the Physicain's Health Study who were healthy at baseline. They then compared those who adhered to a healthy lifestyle to those who did not.
The six modifiable risk factors they included in the "healthy lifestyle" were:
- Body weight
- Alcohol intake
- Consumption of breakfast cereals
- Consumption of fruits and veggies
The overall lifetime risk for heart failure among the study participants was 13.8%.
The highest risk of heart failure was in those participants who did not adhere to any of the six above lifestyle factors - 21.2%
The lowest risk of heart failure was in those participants who adhered to 4/6 of the above lifesyle factors - 10.1%
Conclusion -- adhering to a healthy lifesyle (including the 6 above mentioned factors) can dramatically lower your lifetime risk of developing heart failure